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Sault Ste. Marie: Time to Slither and Hop Into Spring

Northern Hoot,
Guest Author,
April 11 2016

The secretive world of reptiles and amphibians is poised to come to life this week

A few reptiles and amphibians have already been spotted in Sault Ste Marie this spring. But with the warmer weather, this week will rouse scores more. On a leisurely shoreline stroll you may spot a spring peeper or gartersnake. If you turn over a log, you may find a wood frog or spotted salamander.

[photo]Spotted Salamander, by Joe Crowley. Courtesy of Ontario Nature.

The onset of spring is an exciting time of year for outdoor enthusiasts as the veil of winter’s slumber is lifted from our wetlands, forests and meadows. The awakening of reptiles and amphibians is happening right at our feet. “Spring is one of my favorite times of year and is distinctively marked by the unique calls of different species of frogs and toads. The early season calls of wood and chorus frogs as well as spring peepers bring the night alive with sound,” says Emma Horrigan, Ontario Nature’s Citizen Science Coordinator.

[photo]Eastern Garter Snake, by Peter Ferguson. Courtesy of Ontario Nature.

Sadly though, reptiles and amphibians are experiencing global declines of 20 and 40 percent respectively. In Ontario, 75 percent of reptiles and 22 percent of amphibians are listed as at-risk provincially. These turtles, snakes, lizards, salamanders, frogs and toads have unique, specialized and fascinating life histories. But they suffer terribly from habitat loss and fragmentation, road mortality, persecution and pollution.

[photo] Spring Peeper, by Joe Crowley. Courtesy of Ontario Nature.

You can help by enlisting as a citizen scientist for the Ontario Reptile and Amphibian Atlas, which has been led by Ontario Nature since 2009. The data submitted by people of all skill levels is used to map the whereabouts of some of the province’s most enigmatic creatures. Ontario Nature’s intent this spring is to fill in key data gaps where there are no recent sightings. While you’re enjoying the nice weather this week, keep an eye out for reptiles and amphibians. They have fascinating traits and adaptations, and you can help their plight simply by reporting your sightings.

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Ontario Nature protects wild species and wild spaces through conservation, education and public engagement. Ontario Nature is a charitable organization representing more than 30,000 members and supporters, and 150 member groups across Ontario. For more information, visit ontarionature.org.

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BACKGROUND

Reptiles

Reptiles are experiencing global declines of 20 percent
24 species of reptiles are found in Ontario:
15 snakes
8 turtles
1 lizard
18 of Ontario’s 24 species of reptile (75 percent) are listed as at risk under the Ontario Endangered Species Act

Amphibians

Amphibians are experiencing global declines of 40 percent
23 species of amphibians are found in Ontario:
10 frogs
2 toads
11 salamanders
5 of Ontario’s 23 species of amphibian (22 percent) are listed as at risk under the Ontario Endangered Species Act
Ontario Reptile and Amphibian Atlas

The atlas is a citizen-science program that tracks distributions and spatial trends of reptiles and amphibians across the province over time. The overarching goal is to increase the collective knowledge base of reptiles and amphibians. Equally important, however, is the engagement of non-scientists of all ages and abilities, in all parts of the province, in nature study and conservation.

In 2015, citizen scientists reported more than 29,000 sightings from across Ontario
More than 350,000 submissions have been reported by more than 3,000 people
Ontario Nature’s Lost Bay Nature Reserve hosts 24 species of reptiles and amphibians
The atlas was launched in 1984 and has been led by Ontario Nature since 2009
Least reported species: Allegheny Mountain dusky salamander (11)
Most reported species: spring peeper (65,052)

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